Food sources of nutrients

 

Wild prey

goat

Goat

Excellent source of:

  • iron - (helps combat anaemia)
  • VitB2 (riboflavin) - important for iron transport, healthy skin, vision

Wild Possum

Excellent source of:

  • Omega-3 fatty acids - wild possum is one of the highest sources (outside of fish)
  • A wide range if vitamins and minerals - nutrient dense

Wild Rabbit & Hare

Excellent source of:

  • Niacin (B3)
  • Selenium
  • Phosphorus
  • These are all essential for a healthy nervous system, and GIT
  • A wide range if vitamins and minerals - nutrient dense
  • Low in fat.

Wild Venison

  • Aids Joint Mobility
    • glucosamine and chondroitin
  • High protein, lower fat
  • High iron
  • B vitamins (especially B1/thiamine)
    • energy release and muscle development
    • healthy functioning of the heart and nervous system

Wild Turkey

  • Immune & Nervous Systems
  • Plenty of phosphorous
    • aids teeth and bone formation
    • normal heart rhythm
    • kidney function
  • Selenium and zinc
    • wound healing
    • healthy immune and nervous system
    • stabilise blood sugar
    • optimal sense of smell

Organs & tripe

Green Tripe

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  • A superfood.
  • Read more about tripe here
  • Probiotics
  • anti-inflammatory properties
  • enzymes to aid digestion
  • amino acids to help muscles
  • gastric juices which help clean teeth
  • fibre
  • minerals (iron, zinc, potassium, selenium

If feeding bones, always combine with green tripe.

Lamb Kidneys

  • Nutrient-dense
  • HIgh quality protein
  • Essential fatty acids
  • Fat Soluble vitamins (DEKA)
  • B vitamins
  • Especially B6
    • creation of antibodies in the immune system
  • and B12
    • helps prevent anaemia
    • protects the nervous system
    • aids digestion
  • Iron and zinc
  • Good for constipated dogs

Lamb Liver

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  • Nutrient-dense
  • Plenty of vitamin A
    • skin
    • bones
    • sight
    • nerves
    • muscle
  • Vitamins D E K
  • Vitamin C
  • B Vitamins -
  • especially B12
    • helps prevent anaemia
    • protects the nervous system
    • aids digestion
  • Good for constipated dogs
  • Minerals
    • iron
    • zinc
    • manganes
    • selenium
  • Essential Fatty Acids

Farmed Meats

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Chicken

  • Good for the Immune System
  • Vitamin B 3 (Niacin)
    • converting food to energy; healthy functioning of digestive and nervous systems; skin and coat.
  • B6 (Pyridoxine) 
    • creation of antibodies in the immune system
  • Phosphorous
    • aids teeth and bone formation
    • normal heart rhythm
    • kidney function
 
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Lamb meat & Heart

  • Vitamin K (in lamb meat)

    • production of blood-clotting proteins
  • B vitamins
    • B12 (Cyanocobalamin) (especially in lamb heart)
      • helps prevent anaemia
      • protects the nervous system
      • aids digestion
  • Zinc and selenium
    • wound healing
    • healthy immune and nervous system
    • stabilise blood sugar
    • optimal sense of smell
 
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Veal

  • Lean, tender, and easy to digest compared to beef
  • B vitamins
    • Vitamin B 3 (Niacin)
      • converting food to energy; healthy functioning of digestive and nervous systems; skin and coat.
  • Phosphorus & zinc
    • promoting growth
    • strong teeth and bones
    • fast wound healing
    • good vision and smell
    • a healthy immune system.
 

Veal Neck

  • Soft bones
    • easy digestion
    • great for teeth and gums
  • Nutrients as above

nutrient deficiencies

SOme dogs & cats may benefit from extra sources of the following nutrients in their diets

(note: the signs of deficiency are mostly dog-specific, will add cat notes soon): 

Copper

  • Found in: Liver, kidney and heart are good sources
  • Signs of deficiency: 
    • loss of hair pigmentation (premature greying)
    • distal phalange hyperextension
    • anemia

Iodine

  • Found in: Oily fish, kelp, eggs
  • Signs of deficiency: 
    • lethargy
    • weight gain
    • alopecia, pyoderma, seborrhea

Vitamin A

  • Found in: Liver, fish oils/oily fish, eggs
  • Signs of deficiency:
    • anorexia, weight loss
    • ataxia
    • xeropthalmia (dry eye), conjunctivitis, corneal opacity and ulceration
    • skin lesions
    • metaplasia of the bronchiolar epithelium, pneumonitis
    • increased susceptibility to infection
    • deafness is growing dogs

Vitamin E

  • Found in: Oily fish, liver, eggs
  • Signs of deficiency: 
    • Dogs
      • Muscle degen, reprod failure, retinal degen, anorexia, depressions, dyspnea, coma
    • Cats
      • depression, anorexia, hyperesthesia ventral abdo, nodular adipose tissue
      • Cats are more susceptible to deficiency than dogs because they eat canned fish which is susceptible to peroxidation – we need to beware feeding cats tinned fish! It appears to increase vit E requirements. Lots of peroxidised PUFA is bad.

Choline

  • Found in: Eggs, liver
  • Signs of deficiency: 
    • Dogs:
      • weight loss, anorexia, vomiting, fatty liver, death
    • Cats:
      • decr food intake and body weight growth in kittens, fatty liver

Folic acid

  • Found in: Liver, eggs, oily fish
  • Signs of deficiency: 
    • Dogs
      • weight loss, anorexia, possibly cleft palate?
    • Cats
      • decr growth rate, incr plasma iron, megaloblastic anaemia